Tuesday, August 10, 2021
22-24 They were celebrating Hanukkah just then in Jerusalem. It was winter. Jesus was strolling in the Temple across Solomon’s Porch. The Jews, circling him, said, “How long are you going to keep us guessing? If you’re the Messiah, tell us straight out.”
25-30 Jesus answered, “I told you, but you don’t believe. Everything I have done has been authorized by my Father, actions that speak louder than words. You don’t believe because you’re not my sheep. My sheep recognize my voice. I know them, and they follow me. I give them real and eternal life. They are protected from the Destroyer for good. No one can steal them from out of my hand. The Father who put them under my care is so much greater than the Destroyer and Thief. No one could ever get them away from him. I and the Father are one heart and mind.”
-John 10:22-30 The Message.
Jesus continues to tell people about the good shepherd and using the analogy of how the sheep can hear his voice while humans have a hard time hearing him because they don’t listen. The scene is now at the Temple, where the religious leaders surround him.
Verse 22: At that time, the Feast of the Dedication took place at Jerusalem;
Verse 23: it was winter, and Jesus was walking in the Temple in the portico of Solomon.
Verse 24: The Jews then gathered around Him and were saying to Him, “How long will You keep us in suspense? If You are the Christ, tell us plainly.”
Verses 22-23 study: A couple of things to study with these two verses. One, the way a pig was sacrificed is by a Feast of the Dedication. It is commemorated with a cleansing of the Temple under Judas Maccabeus in 165 B.C., celebrated in December. This is the present-day Hanukkah. And two, the portico of Solomon was a roofed walkway supported by large stone columns inside the walls of the Temple courtyard.
Verse 24 study: People ask for proof for the wrong reasons. The people questioning Jesus didn’t have a care in the world to follow him, and Jesus knew that they would not follow the way Jesus wanted to lead them. What they wanted was for Jesus to identify himself as the Messiah for perverted reasons and to drive the Romans out. The doubters also hope Jesus would classify himself as the Messiah, so they accuse him of lying, as the Pharisees did in 8:13.
Verse 25: Jesus answered them, “I told you, and you do not believe me; the works that I do in My Father’s name, these testify of Me.
Verse 26: But you do not believe because you are not of My sheep.
Verse 27: My sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow me;
Verse 28: And I give eternal life to them, and they will never perish, and no one will snatch them out of My hand.
Verse 29: My Father, who has given them to Me, is greater than all; and no one will snatch them out of the Father’s hand.
Verse 30: the Father and I are one.
Verse 28-29 study: Jesus protects people from eternal harm, just as the shepherd protects his sheep. We as believers suffer on earth for following Jesus, but Satan can’t take our souls or eternal life with God away from us. We have plenty of reasons to be afraid on earth because this is the devil’s domain (1 Peter 5:8). Follow Jesus, and he will give you everlasting safety. That’s the good news to share with anyone. Share your story, your encounters on how Jesus saved you.
Verse 30 study: The scripture that is plain as day. Jesus and his Father are not the same people, but they are one in essence and nature. Jesus is not a good teacher; he is God. His claim is correct. The religious leaders want to kill him because of the law that said that anyone claiming to be God should die. But nothing can change their mind about Jesus’ claim.
Father, thank you for our study today. I pray for fantastic work as we continue to study to learn how to get others to follow you and how we can continue to lead people. In Jesus’ name. Amen!