Wednesday, September 15, 2021
12-14 Then, the Roman soldiers under their commander, joined by the Jewish police, seized Jesus and tied him up. They took him first to Annas, father-in-law of Caiaphas. Caiaphas was the Chief Priest that year. Caiaphas had advised the Jews that it was to their advantage that one man die for the people.
15-16 Simon Peter and another disciple followed Jesus. That other disciple was known to the Chief Priest, and so he went in with Jesus to the Chief Priest’s courtyard. Peter had to stay outside. Then the other disciple went out, spoke to the doorkeeper, and got Peter in.
17 The young woman who was the doorkeeper said to Peter, “Aren’t you one of this man’s disciples?”
He said, “No, I’m not.”
18 The servants and police had made a fire because of the cold and were huddled there warming themselves. Peter stood with them, trying to get warm.
-John 18:12-18 The Message
Annas Questions Jesus
Verse 12: So the Romans cohort and the commander and the officers of the Jews, arrested Jesus and bound Him,
Verse 13: and led Him to Annas first; for he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was high priest that year.
Verse 12-13 studies: In the middle of the night, Jesus was taken to the high priest’s residence. Because the religious leaders were in a rush, they wanted the execution done before the Sabbath and start celebrating the Passover afterward. So the religious leaders took Jesus, which was a palace whose outer walls enclosed into a courtyard where servants and soldiers would warm themselves around a fire.
Verse 13 study: Annas and Caiaphas had been high priests. Annas, Israel’s high priest from A.D. 6 to 15, was dethroned by Romans rulers. Annas’ son-in-law, appointed from A.D. 18 to 36/37. Jewish law said the office of the high priest was held for life, which is why most Jews still considered Annas high priest. Annas did have the most authority among Jews, but Caiaphas made the final decisions. The problem with Caiaphas and Annas is they cared a lot about their political ambitions than about the responsibility to lead people to God. Sound like a lot of politicians today. Religious leaders can still be evil and are evil. They should be as sensitive to God’s revelation as the nation’s spiritual leaders. You would think they knew all about Jesus and him being the Messiah and speaking about the Scriptures. The religious leaders should have pointed people to him, resulting from deceitful men and women pursuing evil. Instead, they wanted to eliminate all oppositions. The religious leaders could have evaluated Jesus’ claims about the Scriptures, but they decided to further their selfish ambitions and wanted to kill God’s Son. So they did whatever it took.
Verse 14: Now, Caiaphas was the one who had advised the Jews that it was expedient for one man to die on behalf of the people.
Verse 15: Simon Peter was following Jesus, and so was another disciple. Now that disciple was known to the high priest and entered with Jesus into the court of the high priest,
Verse 16: but Peter was standing at the door outside. So the other disciple, known to the high priest, went out and spoke to the doorkeeper and brought Peter in.
Verse 17: Then the slave-girl who kept the door said to Peter, “You are not also one of this man’s disciples, are you?” He said, “I am not.”
Verse 18: Now the slaves and the officers were standing there, having made a charcoal fire, for it was cold and they were warming themselves; and Peter was also with them, standing and warming himself.
Verse 15-16 studies: John is most likely the other disciple, the author of this Gospel. He knew the high priest and reminded her of his identification to the girl at the door. The connections John had got himself and Peter at the courtyard. Peter refused to identify himself as Jesus’ follower. His experience would change his life.
Father, we may know a leader that is caught up in other things and not leading spiritually. Let us understand the difference between true and fake leadership. As we studied these verses, it is sad to learn about denial and leaders having their agenda. Let us be different, and let us allow you in our hearts to lead us right. In Jesus’ name. Amen!