Saturday, September 25, 2021
28 Jesus, seeing that everything had been completed so that the Scripture record might also be complete, then said, “I’m thirsty.”
29-30 A jug of sour wine was standing by. Someone put a sponge soaked with the wine on a javelin and lifted it to his mouth. After he took the wine, Jesus said, “It’s done . . . complete.” Bowing his head, he offered up his spirit.
31-34 Then the Jews, since it was the day of Sabbath preparation, and so the bodies wouldn’t stay on the crosses over the Sabbath (it was a high holy day that year), petitioned Pilate that their legs be broken to speed death, and the bodies were taken down. So the soldiers came and broke the first man’s legs crucified with Jesus, and then the other. When they got to Jesus, they saw that he was already dead, so they didn’t break his legs. One of the soldiers stabbed him in the side with his spear. Blood and water gushed out.
35 The eyewitness to these things has presented an accurate report. He saw it himself and is telling the truth so that you, also, will believe.
36-37 These things that happened confirmed the Scripture, “Not a bone in his body was broken,” and the other Scripture that reads, “They will stare at the one they pierced.”
-John 19:28-37 The Message
Jesus Dies on the Cross.
Verse 28: After this, Jesus, knowing that all things had already been accomplished so that the Scripture would be fulfilled, *said, “I am thirsty.”
Verse 29: A jar full of sour wine was standing there, so they put a sponge full of the sour wine on a branch of hyssop and brought it up to His mouth.
Verse 30: Therefore, when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished!” And He bowed His head and gave up His spirit.
Verse 30 study: A complicated system of sacrifices adjusted for sins, making amends or reparations. We know that sins separate us from God. An animal can be sacrificed; the substitute can be that people can be forgiven and clean before God. Unfortunately, people continue to sin and don’t stop. Jesus is the final and ultimate sacrifice for sin. Finishing is the same as “paid in full.” Jesus came to finish God’s work of salvation (4:34; 17:4). Because of Jesus’ action, his death of the sacrificial system ended because Jesus put it upon himself. We can go to God for everything because of what Jesus did for all of us. For those that believes in Jesus’ death and resurrection can live eternally with God and escape the penalty of sins it comes with.
Care of the Body of Jesus
Verse 31: Now then, since it was the day of preparation, to prevent the bodies from remaining on the Cross on the Sabbath for that Sabbath was a high day, the Jews requested Pilate that their legs be broken, and the bodies are taken away.
Verse 31 study: God’s law says that they can’t leave a dead person’s body exposed overnight (Deuteronomy 21:23). It is also against the law to work after sundown on Friday when the Sabbath begins. That’s why religious leaders wanted to remove Jesus’ body from the Cross and bury it by sunset.
Verse 32: So the soldiers came and broke the first man’s legs and the other who was crucified with Him;
Verse 33: but after they came to Jesus when they saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs.
Verse 32 study: The purpose of the Romans breaking the victims’ legs is to speed up the death process. A person is hung on the Cross; death comes from suffocation. But the victim can push on the Cross with his legs to hold the body to keep breathing. With the legs broken, they suffocate almost immediately.
Verse 34: Yet one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out.
Verse 35: And he who has seen has testified, and his testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you also may believe.
Verses 31-35 studies: The Romans are experienced soldiers. The number of crucifixions they did said a lot about if anyone was dead or alive. Jesus was killed, it’s no question about it. So they didn’t break his legs like they did the other victims. The piercing of his side and seeing the flow of blood and water (which means that the sac surrounding his heart and the soul was pierced) is further proof of his death. Some people believed he didn’t die and that he only passed out. Which is why he came back to life. There is a witness of the imparted party, the Roman soldiers, that Jesus died on the Cross.
Verses 34-35 studies: The graphic details of Jesus’ death is good and critical because John is an eyewitness and wrote his story.
Verse 36: For these things took place so that the Scripture would be fulfilled: “Not a bone of Him shall be broken.”
Verse 37: And again, another Scripture says, “They will look at Him whom they pierced.”
Verses 36-37 studies: Jesus died as the lambs for Passover meals were slain. Not one bone was broken in these sacrificial lambs (Exodus 12:46, Numbers 9:12). So Jesus, the lamb of God, is the perfect sacrifice for the world’s sins (1 Corinthians 5:7).
Father, let us remember this as the day Jesus wiped away sins. The sacrifices Jesus made for us are forgiven as to the reason why he died on the Cross. Let us sit on this and meditate on it. In Jesus’ name. Amen!