Sunday, October 17, 2021
6-7 When Pilate heard that, he asked, “So, he’s a Galilean?” Realizing that he properly came under Herod’s jurisdiction, he passed the buck to Herod, who just happened to be in Jerusalem for a few days.
8-10 Herod was delighted when Jesus showed up. He had wanted for a long time to see him; he’d heard so much about him. He hoped to see him do something spectacular. So he peppered him with questions. Jesus didn’t answer—not one word. But the high priests and religion scholars were right there, saying their piece, strident and shrill in their accusations.
11-12 Mightily offended, Herod turned on Jesus. His soldiers joined in, taunting and jeering. Then they dressed him up in an elaborate king costume and sent him back to Pilate. That day Herod and Pilate became thick as thieves. But, always before, they had kept their distance.
-Luke 23:6-12 The Message
Verse 6: Now, when Pilate heard this, he asked whether the man was a Galilean.
Verse 7: And when he learned that He belonged to Herod’s jurisdiction, he sent Him to Herod, since he also was in Jerusalem at this time.
Verse 7 study: Herod, called Herod Antipas, was in Jerusalem for the Passover celebration. Note that this is the same Herod who killed John the Baptist. Pilate wanted to pass Jesus off to Herod because he knew that Jesus lived and worked in Galilee. But Herold wasn’t much help. Herold was curious about Jesus and made fun of Jesus. Herod sent Jesus back to Pilate with the verdict of “not guilty.”
Jesus before Herod
Verse 8: Now Herod was overjoyed when he saw Jesus, for he had wanted to see Him for a long time because he had been hearing about Him and was hoping to see some sign performed by Him.
Verse 9: And he questioned Him at some length, but He offered him no answer at all.
Verse 10: Now the chief priests and the scribes stood there, vehemently charging Him.
Verse 11: And Herod, together with his soldiers, treated Him with contempt and mocked Him, dressing Him in a brightly shining robe, and sent Him back to Pilate.
Verse 12: And so Herod and Pilate became friends with one another that very day, for previously, they had been enemies toward each other.
Verse 12 study: Herod was part Jewish ruler of Galilee and Perea. Galilee, Perea, Judea, and Samaria, these four provinces together with a few others, were united under Herod the Great. Herod died in 4 B.C. And when he died, the kingdom was divided among his sons, called “tetrarch.” The name means ruler of the fourth part of a region. Archelaus was removed from office within ten years, and his provinces were ruled by a succession of Roman governors, of which Pilate was the fifth. Archelaus is the son that received Judea and Samaria. Herold Antipas had two advantages over Pilate. He came from a hereditary which is part Jewish monarchy, and he held his position much longer. Pilate had two advantages over Herod. He was a Roman citizen and envoy of the emperor, and his position was created to replace Herod’s ineffective half-brother. It is not surprising they were uneasy around each other. Jesus’ trial brought the two together. Pilate understood Herod’s authority over Galilee, Herod stopped feeling threatened by a Roman politician. Neither one of them knew what to do in this situation, so the common problem united them.
Father, thank you for giving us life. Today, I just want to thank you. We, as a group, are continuing to study Jesus and his crucifixion. Thank you to the followers who sit down and read this and take your word at heart. Thank you. In Jesus’ name. Amen!