Monday, March 14, 2022
23-28 That same day, Sadducees approached him. This is the party that denies any possibility of resurrection. They asked, “Teacher, Moses said that if a man dies childless, his brother is obligated to marry his widow and father a child with her. Here’s a case where there were seven brothers. The first brother married and died, leaving no child, and his wife passed to his brother. The second brother also left her childless, then the third—and on and on, all seven. Eventually the wife died. Now here’s our question: At the resurrection, whose wife is she? She was a wife to each of them.”
-Matthew 22:23-28 The Message
Jesus Answers the Sadducees
Verse 23: On that day some Sadducees (who say there is no resurrection) came to Jesus and questioned Him,
Verse 24: saying, “Teacher, Moses said, ‘If a man dies having no children, his brother as next of kin shall marry his wife, and raise up children for his brother.’
Verse 23 study: The Sadducees tried to step in and trap Jesus after numerous failed attempts by the Pharisees and Herodians. Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy (Pentateuch) did not have direct teaching on the resurrection, so no one believed. The Pharisees failed to come up with arguments from the Pentateuch for the resurrection, so the Sadducees believed they trapped Jesus. But they will learn a little later that Jesus had something for them.
Verse 24 study: In Deuteronomy 25:5-6, the scripture says that it is the law that when a woman’s husband died without having a son, the man’s brother had the responsibility to marry and care for the widow.
Deuteronomy 25: 5-6: 5 “When brothers live together, and one of them dies and has no son, the wife of the deceased shall not be married outside the family to a strange man. Her husband’s brother shall have relations with her and take her to himself as his wife, and perform the duty of a husband’s brother to her. 6 It shall then be that the firstborn to whom she gives birth shall assume the name of his father’s deceased brother so that his name will not be wiped out from Israel.
The law protected women who were left alone because, in the culture, they had no other means of support for themselves.”
Verse 25: Now there were seven brothers among us; and the first married and died, and having no children, he left his wife to his brother.
Verse 26: It was the same also with the second brother, and the third, down to the seventh.
Verse 27: Last of all, the woman died.
Verse 28: In the resurrection, therefore, whose wife of the seven will she be? For they all had her in marriage.”