Thursday, September 23, 2021
16-19 Pilate caved into their demand. He turned him over to be crucified.
They took Jesus away. Carrying his cross, Jesus went out to the place called Skull Hill (the name in Hebrew is Golgotha), where they crucified him, and with him two others, one on each side, Jesus in the middle. Pilate wrote a sign and had it placed on the cross. It read:
Jesus the Nazarene
the King of the jews.
20-21 Many Jews read the sign because the place where Jesus was crucified was right next to the city. It was written in Hebrew, Latin, and Greek. The Jewish high priests objected. “Don’t write,” they said to Pilate, “‘The King of the Jews.’ Make it, ‘This man said, “I am the King of the Jews.”‘”
-John 19:16-21 The Message
Verse 16: So he then handed Him over to them to be crucified.
Jesus Is Led Away To Be Crucified
Jesus Is Placed on the Cross
Verse 17: They took Jesus, therefore, and He went out, bearing His own cross, to the place called the Place of a Skull, which is called in Hebrew, Golgotha.
Verse 17 study: Golgotha, the Place of a Skull was probably a hill outside of Jerusalem at the main road. Executions took place there so the Romans could use them as examples to other people.
Verse 18: There they crucified Him and with Him two other men, one on either side and Jesus in between.
Verse 18 study: Crucifixion is the Roman form of execution. The person condemned was forced to carry his cross along the road to the execution site as a warning to people. Those types of crucifixion varied based on the methods and crosses. Jesus was nailed to the cross; some were tied with rope. The cause of death would be suffocation because of the body’s weight, which was difficult to breathe. The victim would lose his breath and strength. Crucifixion is a hideously slow and painful death.
Verse 19: Pilate also wrote in the inscription and put it on the cross. It was written, “JESUS THE NAZARENE, THE KING OF THE JEWS.”
Verse 19 study: The inscription is supposed to be sarcastic. There’s a king, stripped nearly naked and executed in public view, who lost his kingdom forever. Jesus turns the worlds’ wisdom upside down is really coming into his kingdom. The death and resurrection is a blow to Satan’s rule and establish Jesus’ eternal authority over the earth. Very few people that read the inscription that afternoon know its meaning. All is not lost. Jesus was the King of the Jews and Gentiles, the whole universe.
Verse 20: Therefore, many of the Jews read this inscription, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written in Hebrew, Latin, and in Greek.
Verse 21: So the chief priests of the Jews were saying to Pilate, “Do not write, “The King of the Jews,” but that He said, “I am King of the Jews.””
Verse 20 study: the inscription was written in three languages: Hebrew for the native Jews, Latin for the Roman occupation forces, and Greek for foreigners and Jews visiting from other lands.
Father, there are details about the death of Jesus on the cross. Let us remember the details of his death to understand why religious leaders did what they did and the painful death he endured. In Jesus’ name. Amen!