Sunday, November 7, 2021
12-16 When the Babylonian exile ended,
Jeconiah had Shealtiel,
Shealtiel had Zerubbabel,
Zerubbabel had Abiud,
Abiud had Eliakim,
Eliakim had Azor,
Azor had Zadok,
Zadok had Achim,
Achim had Eliud,
Eliud had Eleazar,
Eleazar had Matthan,
Matthan had Jacob,
Jacob had Joseph, Mary’s husband,
the Mary who gave birth to Jesus,
the Jesus who was called Christ.
17 There were fourteen generations from Abraham to David,
another fourteen from David to the Babylonian exile,
and yet another fourteen from the Babylonian exile to Christ.
-Matthew 1:12-17 The Message
Verse 12: After the deportation to Babylon: Jeconiah fathered Shealtiel, and Shealtiel fathered Zerubbabel.
Verse 13: Zerubbabel fathered Abihud, Abihud fathered Eliakim, and Eliakim fathered Azor.
Verse 14: Azor fathered Zadok, Zadok fathered Achim, and Achim fathered Eliud.
Verse 15: Eliud fathered Eleazar, Eleazar fathered Matthan, and Matthan fathered Jacob.
Verse 16: Jacob fathered Joseph, the husband of Mary, by whom Jesus was born, who is called the Messiah.
Verse 16 study: Mary was a virgin when she became pregnant. Matthew lists Joseph as the husband only to Mary, not the father of Jesus. Matthew’s genealogy gives Jesus’ legal lineage through Joseph. Mary’s ancestral line is recorded in Luke 3:23-28, Mary and Joseph were direct descendants of David, and Matthew traced the family tree back to Abraham. Luke traced it back to Adam. Matthew wrote to the Jews, so Jesus was shown as a descendant of their father, Abraham. Luke wrote to the Gentiles, so he emphasized Jesus as the Savior of all people.
Verse 17: So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations; from David to the deportation to Babylon, fourteen generations; and from the deportation to Babylon to the Messiah, fourteen generations.
Verse 17 study: Matthew breaks down Israel’s history into three sets of 14 generations. There are probably more generations, but it is not listed. Genealogies usually are compressed history, as in not recorded of all ancestors and generations. The phrase the father can be translated to “the ancestor of.”
Father, Joseph had a hard decision ahead of him when he learned of Mary’s pregnancy. Like a lot of us, we all have tough choices ahead of us. So come into our hearts and give us your wisdom in direction. It is always best to go to you in these situations. In Jesus’ name. Amen!